Periodontology is a treatment method that deals with the hard and soft tissues that surround the teeth and support the attachment of the tooth to the mouth, that is, gum diseases. The health of the gums is as important as dental health. A health problem in the gum or tooth can affect the other.
How Can We Understand a Healthy Gum?
- A healthy gum does not bleed during brushing. Many people encounter this situation, but it is considered as a simple bleeding and is ignored.
- Healthy gingiva is pale pink and tight.
- There should be a distance of 1-1.5 mm between the tooth and the gum.
How Is Gum Diseases Diagnosed?
- Bleeding in your gums while brushing your teeth,
- Sensitivity, swelling and redness of the gums,
- Gums with a distance of more than 1-1.5 mm from the tooth,
- Again, there is inflammation between the tooth and the gums,
- The presence of a gap between the teeth and the progression of this gap over time,
- Persistent bad odor in the mouth,
- Recession in the gingiva, the tooth being easily separated from the gingiva,
- It manifests itself with symptoms such as pain felt in the teeth or gums during biting.
There may also be gum problems that can occur during any examination without showing any symptoms other than the above symptoms.
What Causes Gum Diseases?
- If the individual’s oral hygiene is not sufficient,
- If the teeth are not brushed regularly,
- If there are fillings or prostheses that are not compatible with the mouth and tooth structure,
- If you are going through periods such as pregnancy, menopause, adolescence where hormonal changes occur quite a lot,
- If cigarettes are consumed,
- If there is diabetes, there is a possibility of gingival diseases due to the sensitivity to infections.
- Grinding teeth can also cause problems in the teeth or gums.
- Apart from these, genetically, gum disease in anyone in the family can be seen in a person from the same family.
How Are Gum Diseases Treated?
Gum diseases can be treated much easier when diagnosed early, as in every disease. A gum disease that can be diagnosed early helps to prevent problems such as plaque and calculus that may occur on the teeth.
- In the treatment process of gum disease, the diagnosis is made first. Warnings and recommendations are made to the person about oral and dental hygiene.
- Teeth stones, plaques are cleaned.
- If necessary, gingival pockets are cleaned.
- If the condition causing the gum disease is the wrong filling or prosthesis, they are corrected.
- After the treatment, regular check-ups are made with medication.
How Can We Avoid Gum Diseases?
- The most important cause of gum diseases is the oral hygiene of the individual. Oral hygiene should be given great importance, and the care of the teeth should be done regularly every day. Teeth should be brushed and the spaces between the teeth should be cleaned with dental floss.
- You should also visit the dentist at regular intervals for a checkup.
- The dentist should be contacted for cleaning the spots that cannot be cleaned with a toothbrush and dental floss. In cases such as dental plaque and tartar formation, you should get support from your dentist.
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