Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral, dental and maxillofacial surgery is a branch of dentistry that deals with diseases in the hard and soft tissues of the mouth, jaw and face, and treats aesthetic and functional problems that occur with birth or occur later.


What Applications Does Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery Cover?

  • Tooth extraction,
  • Extraction of impacted complicated and erupted teeth,
  • Implant applications,
  • Treatment of oral and facial infections, abscesses,
  • Treatment of cysts in tooth roots,
  • Medical or surgical treatment of pain in the jaw and face area,
  • Fractures in the jaw and face area,
  • Treatment of cleft lip and palate,
  • It covers applications such as the treatment of salivary gland diseases.

Impacted Tooth Extraction

Impacted teeth are teeth that cannot be replaced due to different reasons when it comes to eruption age and time, and remain in soft tissue or bone. Generally, we encounter the situation of impacted wisdom teeth. In addition to wisdom teeth, we can see impacted teeth in canines, molars or anterior teeth.

Impacted teeth can cause severe pain as long as they remain inside. If the impacted teeth are not extracted; It can cause pain, cyst formation, jaw fractures, crowding in the lower teeth, and some discomfort in the adjacent tooth.

20 Years Teeth

Wisdom teeth, which are in the wrong position in terms of location and posture, can create difficulties in terms of cleaning and maintenance. In such cases, the tooth should be removed in order to prevent the development of caries and damage to other teeth.

  • Wisdom teeth can cause deformities by applying pressure to other teeth in some cases. It can cause crooked teeth that are exposed to pressure. Therefore, wisdom teeth that are diagnosed to be harmful to other teeth should also be extracted.
  • Wisdom teeth that have been completely impacted should also be extracted according to the condition of the oral structure and tooth structure.
  • The probability of cyst formation around wisdom teeth is quite high. Formed cysts should be diagnosed early. When neglected, the cyst may enlarge and cause greater damage.
  • Wisdom teeth that remain in the gums can accumulate food residues. With the accumulation of food residues, bacteria can also multiply. This can lead to gingivitis, bad breath and bleeding in the gums.

What are the Symptoms of Jaw Joint Diseases?

  • Conditions that cause discomfort such as pain, squeaking, clicking in the jaw when opening and closing the mouth,
  • Ability to open the mouth a certain amount or lock in the jaw,
  • Neck pain, neck stiffness,
  • Headache, which should not be confused with migraine,
  • Severe pain while eating
  • Pain felt when the upper and lower teeth touch each other,
  • Difficulty while yawning,
  • Earaches, ringing in the ears,
  • Slipping of the chin when opening the mouth

What are the Causes of Jaw Joint Diseases?

  • A blow to the jaw or joint,
  • Performing the chewing process with only one side,
  • Missing teeth,
  • Grind teeth,
  • Teeth clenching habit,
  • Stress,
  • Deficiencies in the development of the joints,
  • Orthodontic problems can cause discomfort in the jaw joint.

How is Jaw Joint Diseases Treated?

First, the cause of jaw joint diseases is investigated, and the patient is informed. Then, depending on the cause of the disease, one of the following treatments can be applied if your dentist deems it appropriate.

  • Splint treatment,
  • Medication,
  • Orthodontic treatment,
  • Chin exercises can be given,
  • Physiotheraphy,
  • Treatments such as psychological support can be applied.

However, there may be some cases that are too late for treatment. In these cases, surgical treatments can be applied with the approval of your dentist.

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