Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that performs the necessary treatments for the correction of incompatibilities in the teeth and jaws and crooked teeth. Orthodontists ensure that the jawbone and teeth are in the correct position and in the right place. The correct position of the teeth is very important in terms of both dental health and aesthetic appearance.
It is recommended that children be taken to an orthodontist for a control examination when they reach the age of 7.
What are the Conditions Requiring Orthodontic Examination?
- If your child has a habit of thumb sucking,
- If a pacifier has been used for a long time (after 2 years),
- In cleft lip and palate,
- If any of the milk teeth have been extracted early,
- If there is a blow to the jaw or missing teeth,
- If there is crooked teeth,
- If there is a condition called “toothy” in the front two teeth,
- If children have adenoid discomfort, mouth breathing,
- If the lower or upper jaw is anterior, an orthodontist should be examined.
What are the Treatment Methods in Orthodontics?
Orthodontists choose the treatment that is suitable for the teeth after the examination. These treatment methods are;
A fast, aesthetic and healthy appearance can be achieved with capped brackets. The infrastructure of the treatment consists of the brackets adhered to the teeth and the arch wires passing through the brackets.
With the special locking mechanism, they are attached without the need for additional support and without the use of separate small pieces of wire as in the classical bracket treatment. Small pieces of wire or elastic rings used in conventional brackets cause friction and discomfort in the teeth. However, this is not the case with capped brackets. With capped brackets, the teeth move much more easily and the possibility of friction is minimized. With the reduction of friction, the treatment process is accelerated.
Since the teeth are used more easily and friction is less in capped brackets, the arch wires inside can be used for a longer time. Therefore, session intervals can be extended up to 6 weeks instead of 4 weeks. Again, among the advantages of the capped brackets, the treatment time is shorter due to their easy opening and closing.
Brackets made of porcelain or zirconium, reflecting the tooth color and having a transparent appearance, are called aesthetic brackets. It is generally applied to patients who are worried about using metal brackets. It is a treatment method that is much less noticeable in the mouth compared to metal brackets and is generally used by adults. In addition to the advantages of being transparent, aesthetic brackets should be cleaned much more carefully. After meals, food residues can accumulate around the brackets. In order to preserve its aesthetic appearance, you should pay attention to the cleanliness of the brackets.
Lingual braces treatment can also be defined as invisible braces. It provides treatment of teeth with brackets attached to the back of the teeth. Lingual braces treatment, which is generally preferred by artists, models, and athletes working in business life, can be used in people who have incompatibility in the lower and upper jaws, whose teeth close forward, who have aesthetic concerns and who have teeth grinding habits. In this treatment, firstly, the disorders in the teeth are diagnosed. They are different from the brackets applied to the front of the teeth. They are prepared in accordance with the slope of the back of the teeth, and they are adhered to the teeth as a result of special processes. Depending on the condition of the teeth and jaw, the treatment ends in 1 to 2.5 years.
The general purpose in orthodontic treatments is to ensure that the teeth and jaw are in the best position. The upper jaw should cover the lower jaw. The lower jaw should be neither behind nor forward. If there is incompatibility in the jaw, it may not be enough to just fix the teeth. As a result of this inadequacy, orthognathic surgery gets involved. Jaw surgeries correct the opening and closing of the jaw and the position of the jaw in these cases.
Orthognathic surgery may be required if the lower jaw is too far back or too far forward, if the upper jaw is behind, if the jaw is located on the right or left side of the face, if the jaw is in contact with only the posterior teeth when closing.
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